International Political Scenario for Burkina Faso 10 - 17 January 2020

International Political Scenario for Burkina Faso 10 - 17 January 2020

International Political Scenario for Burkina Faso 10 - 17 January 2020

"If the Americans made a decision to leave Africa, this would be very bad news for us", Macron said after the high-stakes summit meeting in Pau, southwest France. Last 12 months, jihadists dedicated a few assaults on troops and civilians in Niger.

Who was meeting in Pau and what was agreed?

The announcement follows President Donald Trump's call last week for North Atlantic Treaty Organisation to do more in the Middle East and comes just as French President Emmanuel Macron gathers his counterparts from Burkina Faso, Chad, Niger, Mali and Mauritania.

The new structure, named Coalition for the Sahel, brings the G5 states, French forces and any future troops under a single command. "We need results", Macron said after the summit, cited by Reuters.

The French military operation, France's largest foreign mission, enjoys broad support at home.

Macron named the summit with West African leaders after a helicopter collision during a combat operation in November in which 13 French soldiers fought Islamic extremists in Mali near the Niger border.

The nations appealed to the USA to continue its "crucial" logistical support.

The deadly attack comes days before French President Emmanuel Macron is expected to meet with Niger's president, Mahamadou Issoufou, and other West African leaders.

Macron wants the summit in the southern French city of Pau to help legitimize the French operation in the Sahel region through a strong common message.

What is happening in the Sahel?

The Sahel region of Africa lies to the south of the Sahara Desert and stretches across the breadth of the African continent.

Its western and central areas have been a frontline in the war against Islamist militancy for nearly a decade.

According to United Nations figures, jihadist attacks in Burkina, Mali and Niger a year ago left 4,000 dead.

Militant violence has spread across the vast Sahel region, especially in Burkina Faso and Niger, having started when armed Islamists revolted in northern Mali in 2012.

These were the details of the news Macron hosts Sahel summit as Niger army chief sacked over deadly attacks for this day.

Who is fighting the jihadists?

The UN has installed a force of 13,000 peacekeepers in Mali as part of the Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission (MINUSMA).

Adding to Mr Macron's woes, the United States, which provides logistical support to France's Barkhane force and maintains a drone base in Niger, on Monday signalled it wanted to reduce its military presence in Africa.

One option would be to close a drone base in Agadez, northern Niger, which gives the U.S. a major surveillance platform in the Sahel but has been estimated to cost around $100 million.

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