Climate change to hit health of Indian children hard: Lancet

Climate change to hit health of Indian children hard: Lancet

Climate change to hit health of Indian children hard: Lancet

A bushfire rages in Australia's Blue Mountains.

Despite the pressing health concerns associated with climate change, only about half of 101 countries surveyed by the World Health Organization had national plans in place to address those problems, and fewer than 20% of those plans have been put into action.

Children will be particularly susceptible to infectious diseases in the wake of rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns.

But despite the scale of the challenge, the report offers some reason for cautious optimism, stating that the world is shifting toward using more renewable resources. The Lancet Countdown is an global, multidisciplinary collaboration, dedicated to monitoring the evolving health profile of climate change and providing an independent assessment of the delivery of commitments made by governments worldwide under the Paris Agreement. "But this report shows that public health gains achieved over the past 50 years could soon be reversed by changing climate".

"Children are particularly vulnerable to the health risks of a changing climate", said Nick Watts, executive director, The Lancet Countdown, in a statement.

"It's not something that affects us in 2100; it's something that affects us the 14th of November, 2019". This will shape human health from infancy to old age - high crop prices due to diminished harvests will make food scarcer and lead to malnutrition. In 2018, India was also one of the countries driving up the number of heatwave exposures-with an additional 45 million exposures in the year.

Increased heat is also decreasing productivity. In 152 out of 196 countries, an rising need of oldsters were uncovered to wildfires since 2001-2004 with a financial toll per particular person 48 times increased than flooding. More people were exposed to floods and storms in Africa, but no change in lethality was identified.

Firstly, it says India should establish a real-time monitoring and disease surveillance system to give early warnings on vector-borne disease outbreaks. They noted there have been declines in average global yield potential of maize (-4%), winter wheat (-6%), soybean (-3%) and rice (-4%) over the past 30 years.

Montgomery adds that sea levels are also now rising at an ever-concerning rate.

The impact of air pollution on our health, which is already "dangerously high", would get worse. These effects accumulate over time, and into adulthood, with global deaths attributable to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2·5) remaining at 2.9 million in 2016 and total global air pollution deaths reaching 7 million.

The report outlined two pathways-one that continues with business as usual and one that recognizes the effects of climate change and responds by lowering carbon emissions and halting increases in global temperatures.

Dr. Zigby, a family physician in Montreal, called on governments in Canada to "give a signal" to administrators, hospitals and health-care centre that reducing emissions is a priority, urging them to set "quantitative and robust" directives, such as devising new environmental criteria to assess when selecting vendors. Last week, over 11,000 scientists from a variety of disciplines sounded a thunderous warning, declaring a "climate emergency".

"To the extent that we're asking, well, how is it different from before to the life of a child born today?"

"Young people are right to be angry, and concerned about the future - the science is frightening".

In between these gloomy findings, there is a glimmer of hope. However, the authors state "current progress is inadequate" and the world is struggling to cope.

A major academic review of the impact climate change has on human health has found that more than half of the almost 450,000 Canadians evacuated from their homes due to wildfires since 1980 were displaced in the past decade, and says that more than 1,000 Canadians were killed by air pollution related to the transportation industry in 2015.

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