Rare coronavirus-linked syndrome in children spikes in France, Italy

Rare coronavirus-linked syndrome in children spikes in France, Italy

Rare coronavirus-linked syndrome in children spikes in France, Italy

The condition, officially called "Pediatric Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome Potentially Associated with COVID-19", is similar to Kawasaki disease (KD), also known as Kawasaki syndrome, according to doctors.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Thursday issued guidance to doctors on how to recognise and report cases of the syndrome, following the reports of cases in Europe and more than 100 in the state of NY.

NY governor Andrew Cuomo has also said that NY is investigating around 100 cases of an inflammatory syndrome relating to children, which has symptoms similar to Kawasaki disease and toxic shock.

Doctors in France and northern Italy have reported spikes in cases of a rare inflammatory syndrome in young children that appears similar to one reported in the United States, Britain and Spain.

In Kansas City, "Children's Mercy has one patient we're treating for pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome", said hospital spokeswoman Lisa Augustine, using the current name for the syndrome.

The guidance follows several reports of the syndrome in France, Italy, Spain and Britain and more than 100 cases in the State of NY. The rare inflammatory illness has been linked to coronavirus, and has been reported in more than a dozen states across the country.

The Kawasaki disease inflames blood vessels, leading to heart-related complications among children.

Italian doctors have reported evidence linking the novel coronavirus with a Kawasaki-like inflammatory disease.

Up to now, Covid-19 ― with 4.5 million confirmed cases worldwide, and more than 300,000 deaths ― has largely spared small children and teens, though many are thought to have been infected without showing symptoms. If their test results are negative for respiratory pathogens, they need to have been exposed to the coronavirus sometime in the past four weeks prior to the onset of symptoms.

A study published in JAMA Pediatrics is the first to describe the characteristics of seriously ill COVID-19 pediatric patients within North America, it followed 48 young children and young adults between the ages of being newborn to 21 years of age who were admitted to pediatric ICUs for COVID-19 in Canada and America during March and April 2020.

The syndrome seems to be rare and can vary in severity, doctors said.

"In some geographic areas, there has been an uptick in Kawasaki disease cases in children who don't have shock", Son said.

The condition, rarely life-threatening if appropriately treated, requires immediate hospitalization of patients.

He has advised all hospitals to prioritise coronavirus testing for children presenting with symptoms after three children in the state died.

Symptoms include fever, abdominal pain and Cardiac issues and are a mix of those for Kawasaki disease and toxic shock syndrome. Doctors suspect the sickness comes several weeks after exposure or sickness from COVID-19.

However, the new illness isn't Kawasaki disease, as was initially believed.

So is MIS-C a form of Kawasaki disease?

Dr. Hanna said the timing of this outbreak was "suspicious".

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