UN Urges Restraint Along India-China Border

UN Urges Restraint Along India-China Border

UN Urges Restraint Along India-China Border

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi warned New Delhi not to underestimate Beijing's determination to safeguard what it considers its sovereign territory.

The statement comes just hours after India accused China of trying to unilaterally change the status quo at the Line of Actual Control in the Galwan Valley and violating the agreement between both sides.

The LAC has represented major tension between India and China, with tense confrontations in recent weeks. However, the biggest loser is possibly China's Huawei in its efforts to enter the Indian 5G market.

The world's two most populous nations and nuclear-armed neighbours have never even agreed on the length of their "Line of Actual Control" frontier, which straddles the strategically important Himalayan region.

The Doklam plateau is strategically significant as it gives China access to the so-called "chicken's neck" - a thin strip of land connecting India's northeastern states with the rest of the country.

"China moved troops to occupy areas where not only Indian and Chinese claim lines overlapped but also where there was no dispute." said Brahma Chellaney, a professor for strategic studies at the Centre for Policy Research, referring to the Galwan Valley as the area without any dispute.

The deadly clash happened at a time and a place where officers from both sides were trying to negotiate a disengagement of forces.

The two countries share a border along the Himalayas - mostly covered in cold high-altitude mountain ranges - but have long disagreed about who owns various parts of the territory.

He said that New Delhi expected the same from the Chinese and remained committed to resolving issues through dialogue while ensuring India's sovereignty and territorial integrity.

China claims about 90,000 square kilometers (35,000 square miles) in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, referred to informally by some Chinese as "Southern Tibet". "No shots fired for 45 years, and then at least 20 soldiers dead in one evening in rock-throwing and bludgeoning".

"My understanding is the Chinese side doesn't want people of the two countries to compare the casualties number so to avoid stoking public mood", Hu added.

Michael Kugelman, a South Asia specialist at the Wilson Center, said that the two countries were unlikely to go to war because they can not "afford a conflict".

Senior Chinese diplomat Wang Yi told Indian Foreign minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar during a phone call on Wednesday that India should severely punish those responsible for the conflict and control its frontline troops, the Chinese ministry said in a statement.

Physical blows were also exchanged between Indians and Chinese soldiers on the North Eastern border of Sikkim in May.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping, shake hands with leaders at the BRICS summit in Goa, India in 2016.

India's decision to ramp up infrastructure appears to have infuriated Beijing.

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