Link between Hepatitis B and liver cancer, prevention

Link between Hepatitis B and liver cancer, prevention

Link between Hepatitis B and liver cancer, prevention

He added: "To support countries in moving towards achieving the global hepatitis goals under the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 World Health Organization encourages us to work in the areas of raising awareness, promoting partnerships and mobilizing resources; formulating evidence-based policy and data for action; preventing transmission; and scaling up screening, care and treatment service".

It's said that worldwide, 290 million people are unaware that they are living with hepatitis and without finding the undiagnosed and linking them to care, millions will continue to suffer, and lives will be lost.

"In addition to coronavirus, there is an urgent need to create awareness about other communicable diseases, especially hepatitis B and C in Pakistan", said Dr Jamil, a consultant at Liaquat National Hospital. Cases of Viral hepatitis are most commonly found among the age group of 21 to 40 years.

Although viral hepatitis claims up to 1.4 million lives per year, hepatitis can be prevented, diagnosed and treated.

Under a worst-case scenario, the study projects that 5.3 million additional chronic infections could be seen in children born between 2020 and 2030, and one million additional hepatitis B-related deaths among those children later on. That's why the World Hepatitis Alliance is calling on people from across the world to take action and raise awareness to find the "missing millions".

Thus, when your liver is damaged, essential body functions are hindered.

"The most important risk factors increasing liver cancer are hepatitis B, hepatitis C, alcohol, smoking, diabetes, cirrhosis and liver fat".

World Hepatitis Day, this year (2020), is being commemorated under the theme "Hepatitis-free future" that focuses on preventing hepatitis B among mothers and new-borns.

Though many people do not experience any symptoms of hepatitis A, those who do, go through signs including jaundice, nausea, abdominal pain, and low appetite. Available evidence also indicates that those at high risk of infection, including people who inject drugs and people in prison, are not being effectively targeted for testing. People with multiple sex partners who often engage in unprotected sex, males who have sex with males, people with pre-existing conditions such as kidney, liver disease or diabetics, the elderly or immune-compromised are at a higher risk of contracting Hepatitis B and C.

Hepatitis D is quite rare and it spreads through direct contact with infected blood. Transfusions with infected blood and sharing razors or needles (injections) with infected persons can also lead to infection. As a result Hepatitis B vaccination should be offered to all children as part of their childhood vaccination programme.

The first-ever global hepatitis strategy, adopted by countries at the 2016 World Health Assembly, calls for an end to viral hepatitis by 2030, reducing new infections by 90 per cent and mortality by 65 per cent. Through the mobile eye screening, individuals with eye signs of hepatitis such as jaundice can be picked up at an early stage.

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